Purchasing (or Selling) Gold and Silver in Arizona
Admitted to the union in 1912, Arizona is home to about seven million people. The 14th most populated state in the union and the 6th largest in area, Arizona is the last of the contiguous states to join the union. Arizona has taken great strides to cultivate an environment conducive to sound money ownership and use.
What are the Laws on Gold & Silver in Arizona?
- Arizona State Sales Tax Laws
- Arizona Capital Gains Laws
- Arizona Legal Tender Laws
- Arizona Depository Laws
- Arizona State Reserves Laws
- Coin Shops in Arizona
Arizona State Sales Tax Laws?
Arizona has started the process of freeing gold and silver from bureaucratic shackles.
According to Arizona statute 42-5061, "the sale of precious metal bullion and monetized bullion to the ultimate consumer" is exempt from sales taxation in the state of Arizona.
"Monetized bullion" is defined as "coins and other forms of money that are manufactured from gold, silver, or other metals and that have been or are used as a medium of exchange in this or another state, the United States or a foreign nation."
"Precious metal bullion" is defined as "precious metal including gold, silver, platinum, rhodium, and palladium, that has been smelted or refined so that its value depends on its contents and not on its form."
For more information on rolling back sales tax on constitutional money, click here.
Arizona Capital Gains Tax?
Arizona law, like most states, is chock full of draconian revenue statutes.
However, under current law, gold and silver are not subject to capital gains taxation when exchanged for Federal Reserve notes or when used in barter transactions.
Thanks to the work of Representative Finchem, the Sound Money Defense League, and Ron Paul, House Bill 2014 was signed into law in 2017.
Income taxes are one major way government bureaucrats penalize holders of precious metals. If you own gold to protect against the ongoing devaluation of America's paper currency (which results from the inflationary practices of the Federal Reserve), you may end up with a "gain" on your gold when it's priced in dollars. Not necessarily a real gain, mind you. It's frequently nothing more than a nominal gain -- but it's nonetheless considered income against which the government assesses a tax.
However, other state legislators across the country have started to recognize that paying taxes on nominal gains is beyond the pale. Arizona followed Utah's lead, as Utah recently eliminated capital gains taxation on precious metals, and Idaho hopes to follow soon.
For more information on capital gains taxation of precious metals, click here.
Arizona Legal Tender?
The subject of legal tender laws is an important one. Philosophically, it is important to follow the United States Constitution which states in Article I, Section 10, "No state shall...make anything Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts."
Legislative acts that take steps towards this constitutional requirement are slowly gaining steam. Utah and Oklahoma are leaders in this field, declaring gold and silver legal tender within their states.
Fortunately, with the passage of House Bill 2014, Arizona has reaffirmed its constitutional duty to treat gold and silver coins as legal tender, including requiring state courts to enforce gold (and silver) clause contracts as Oklahoma and Utah did with the recent passage of SB 862 and HB 157, respectively.
Oklahoma’s SB 862 reads, in part, “gold and silver coins issued by the United States government are legal tender in the State of Oklahoma. No person may compel another person to tender or accept gold or silver coins that are issued by the United States government, except as agreed upon by contract.”
Utah’s HB 157 reads, in part, “except as expressly provided by contract, a person may not compel any other person to tender or accept legal tender.”
The subtle phrase, “except as agreed upon by contract,” has significant ramifications. This wording reaffirms the court’s ability, and constitutional responsibility according to Article I, Section 10, to require specific performance when enforcing such contracts. If voluntary parties agree to be paid, or to pay, in gold and silver coin, the Oklahoma courts may not substitute any other thing, e.g. Federal Reserve Notes, as payment.
Gold clause contracts are a useful tool to give both creditors and borrowers alike protection against the currency risks resulting from both inflation and deflation.
For more information on gold clause contracts, click here.
Practically speaking, state laws that recognize gold and silver as legal tender restore a government view of precious metals as the favored form of money – a currency rather than a piece of property or other asset. Using this logic, it would be inappropriate for a state to levy taxes when the precious metals are used or exchanged.
For more information on the issue of legal tender laws, click here
Arizona Depository Laws?
Arizona law does not currently allow for a state bullion depository.
Texas is championing the state depository cause and other states will likely follow suit. In June of 2015, Texas Governor Greg Abbott signed House Bill 483 into law.
Authored by Representative Giovanni Capriglione (R-Southlake), this bill allows for "the establishment and administration of a state bullion depository."
According to the official Texas Depository website, House Bill 483 "allows for the nation's first state bullion depository to be established in Texas under the supervision of the state's comptroller's office."
Upon signing the bill, Governor Greg Abbott said "with the passage of this bill, the Texas Bullion Depository will become the first state-level facility of its kind in the nation, increasing the security and stability of our gold reserves and keeping taxpayer funds from leaving Texas to pay for fees to store gold in facilities outside our state."
Arizona Holding Reserves in Gold and Silver?
Financially prudent individuals set aside surplus funds to protect against unforeseen expenditures. This way, when faced with loss of income, house repairs, car trouble, or anything else, they will have a buffer against unanticipated downturns.
In the same vein, almost every state in the United States has established a “savings account” for government operations. Primarily to mitigate a decline in tax revenues that comes alongside economic slumps, states have created so-called budget stabilization funds – colloquially known as “rainy day funds.”
Unfortunately, like every other state in the union, Arizona does not hold any of its reserves in gold and silver.
While Arizona may not hold its reserves in gold and silver yet, Tennessee is setting an example by considering legislation that would allow for this. Tennessee Representative Bud Hulsey introduced House Bill 0777 in 2017 which "requires the state treasurer to invest 40 percent of the funds in the rainy day fund in gold bullion of other precious metal bullion." This bill will be voted on in 2018.
For more information on Budget Stabilization Funds, click here.
Local Coin Shops in Arizona
Featured Coin Shops
The Coin Gallery
4224 W Dunlap Avenue
Phoenix, AZ 85051
C & C Coin & Stamps
3404 N 24th St # C
Phoenix, AZ 85016
B.J.'s Stamps and Coins
6342 W Bell Rd
Glendale, AZ 85308