Part II – What is the link between rubles, oil, and gold? What is meant by the word “link?” What impact will that “link” have, if any, on the global monetary system?
The Missing Link
Often, Narratives pile up lots of baggage. To effectively deal with it, one must unpack it. One bit of luggage sticking up from the heap is the assertion that now the ruble has a link to oil. This is an indirect appeal to the wet street causes rain, i.e. that the price of oil set in dollars is why the dollar is the world’s reserve currency (and why the dollar has value). But it goes beyond merely this error.
Ayn Rand said that “in the realm of cognition, nothing is as bad as the approximate.” The word link gives an approximate understanding. Oil is valuable. Whatever currency is linked to it surely must also be valuable. More than a penny per ruble, right?!
But what is a link? We have sometimes joked about those new flavored seltzers. The can says, “peach flavor”. There is a link between this sparkling-water-that-doesn’t-quite-taste-like-water and peaches. The link could be that the truck carrying the seltzer drove past a peach orchard. Or it could be something else.
In a Narrative such as this one, the word link is meant to suggest causality, without going so far as to state the alleged cause (and thus be exposed to debunking). In other words, they prefer to say that there’s a link between wet streets and rain rather than say outright that the cause of the rain is the wet streets.
It is true that, if it is raining, then the streets are wet. But note that causality is one way. We cannot say that if a street is wet that this necessarily means it is raining. It could be that someone is washing his car with a hose.
We cannot say that if a currency is remitted to pay for oil, this necessarily means that currency is a reserve currency.
Linked by Association
Another kind of link is associative. Some corporations donate money to certain charities. A few of them become known for this charity, for example, McDonald's and Ronald McDonald House. People who buy McDonald's burgers may feel that the restaurant is linked to the cause of improved children’s health.
In this Narrative, saying the ruble is linked to oil suggests that something good from oil will rub off on the ruble. If it were voiced clearly, it would sound something like this: “Europe is remitting rubles to buy oil, therefore something and the ruble will somehow go up, somewhy.”
The ruble is not linked to oil. Oil could go up to $1,000 (or down to $10), but it won’t somehow rub off on the ruble.
The Golden Link
This brings us back to the link between the ruble and gold. The fact is that the Russian central bank makes a bid to the commercial banks. This bid is below the global market price. The banks will only take it if the price they get in the world markets is even lower.
So, what’s the link between the ruble and gold?
Party A is buying gold from Party B. The economic calculation that determines the price in the free(er) markets of the world is done using dollars. The Russian banks are restricted from participating in that market, so the price they obtain from world markets is a discount to that price (this discount is also determined by dollar calculations, for example, the costs of laundering it). The Russian commercial banks will take the Russian central bank bid if it is higher than the bid they get in world markets.
Price Fixing and the Gold Standard
One wrong way to understand the gold standard is a price-fixing scheme. The central bank just declares the price. Or a price floor that won’t let gold go below (but would allow it to go above, as in this scenario). While a few people accept that a central bank can just decree such a thing, most people demand to know what backs the fix.
This leads to a corollary notion: that a gold standard is when the central bank maintains a certain ratio of paper currency to gold. And there are vigorous debates in certain circles about what the right ratio is. But anyways, whatever the right amount of gold is, the feeling is that if a central bank had it, then it could declare a new gold standard.
Price Fixing Between Rubles and Gold
The present Narrative exploits these notions. They are telling us that, first, Russia is acquiring the requisite gold by this 5,000-ruble bid. And they are getting it at a discount, which shows they are wise and far-sighted (a common element in many Narratives about how authoritarian regimes will beat America in some way is that they think and plan long-range because they are run autocratically, whereas America is handicapped by having to act transparently and decide democratically—the opposite of reality).
Second, they are telling us that 5,000 rubles is the new price floor of gold. Finally, they tell us that the ruble will strengthen—because of the gold which is now backing—i.e. linked—to it. As the ruble goes up, they assert, 5,000 rubles will be worth more and more in dollar terms. And therefore, the ruble’s rise will drive up gold.
This is a big switcheroo. We went from (1) Russia making a lowball bid on gold to (2) this is the fixed price of gold in Russia's gold-backed ruble gold standard to (3) the gold backing will drive up the ruble, astonishingly, (4) the ruble will begin to rise under its own steam and drive up the price of gold in dollars(!)
#4 is kind of the opposite of #3. We wonder which is supposed to drive which.
There are many articles about this alleged mechanism. We’ll pick this one (it even has the same chart showing the Brent – Urals spread). It claims that Russia will impose a gold standard in three easy steps: (1) offer [bid] a premium [discount to global price] for gold to domestic banks; (2) strengthen the ruble [ice cream sandwich] by making Europe [the homeowner] buy it for them, which supposedly encourages international gold flows into Russia [goods flow from where they’re cheap to where the price is higher]; and finally (3) turn the ruble into a credible gold substitute.
Well, yes, as to that credible gold substitute. The article advises readers: “Rather than speculate on the Ruble, just buy the gold.”
This article goes even further, asserting that arbitrage traders drove up the ruble, now that the ruble “has a floor to the US dollars, in terms of gold [sic].”
So, the first article makes the case for why the ruble would be strong, at least in theory, due to arbitrage. But the difference between abstract economic theorizing and advising subscribers is that only in the former case does one argue for the ruble being equivalent to gold. In the latter, of course, it’s “don’t try this at home kids.”
The second article (which was written originally for Russia Today), states that arbitrage traders are buying rubles right now. Not burdened by the need to hedge his words, lest they be acted upon by subscribers, he is free to claim it as fact.
Aside from the risk that one won’t even be able to trade those rubles for dollars if sanctions should be stepped up, there are exactly zero reasons to think that those rubles represent claims on gold. Russia’s central bank price of 5,000 rubles per gram is a bid price to buy gold, below the market price. If you are an arbitrager, you need to rely on the offer price to sell gold to you below its market price. No such offer price exists.
We reiterate the commonsense advice of the first article. If you want gold, just buy gold. Do not buy rubles expecting that this will get you more gold.
The Appearance of Strength
None of this, by the way, says that the Russian government can’t take steps to make the ruble appear to be strong. For example, they can impose capital controls. Prohibiting one’s citizen serfs from selling one’s toilet paper currency is the policy of many an authoritarian regime desperate to avoid currency collapse. could be the only counterparty to buy or sell rubles. In this case, it could take a page from the South
Also, if sanctions effectively push global banks out of the ruble trade, then the Russian central bank American Banana Republic playbook. If you have dollars and need pesos, the official exchange rate is 1:1. The 1:1 exchange rate makes the peso look very strong. But if have pesos that you want to dump, then you discover the real “street” rate is 16:1. Appearances can be deceiving.
Another Step Too Far
Several prominent voices in the gold community take this Narrative one step further. Taking for granted that this play by Russia creates a new gold standard, they assert that Russia’s demand for payment for oil in rubles now will eventually be supplanted by a new policy. Oil buyers will have to pay in gold!
In this view, Russia could price oil at 0.001 oz per barrel, or whatever they please. The price wouldn’t matter, because whatever they do would cause gold to go up around $100,000 an ounce.
Let’s just say that a lawnmower boy has a better chance of denominating lawnmowers in ice cream sandwiches and driving up the price of an ice cream sandwich to 100,000 lawnmowers than this idea has a chance of approaching reality.
This is another “wet streets cause rain” story, only it’s not a street it’s a bathroom sink. And it’s not rain, it’s the monsoon season. Running the water to wash your face in the morning causes monsoon season—and selling oil for $1.90 drives up the gold price!
If Russia attempted to sell oil for $1.90 or $1.90 worth of gold, it would quickly bankrupt itself. That’s what happens when you sell far below the market price, and far below your cost of production.
From the Absurd to the Even More Absurd
Taking the absurd to even greater extremes of absurdity, this version of the Narrative sometimes ties it to the gold suppression conspiracy theory. According to this version, London and New York will be “drained” of gold, as Russia has more oil than they have gold to pay for it!
Some say aloud the part that’s supposed to remain silent. They see this as a way to ruin the West entirely. Not just COMEX and LBMA, the West will have to surrender all its gold. Then Russia will have all the gold, control all the cards, and remake the world order as it wishes.
We would worry more about the possibility that our Sun will suddenly go supernova, than about this implausible mechanism to “drain” all our gold.
You aren’t giving Russia your gold, in exchange for oil or gasoline, are you? We didn’t think so.
This concludes Part II of our coverage on Oil, the Ruble, and Gold.
You can read Part I here: Oil, the Ruble, and Gold Walk into a Bar, Part I
In Part III we will revisit what impact, if any, this will have on the gold market. We discuss the historical gold standard, the good, the bad, and the ugly ones. How a gold standard works, and what would be required to return to one today.
About the Author:
Keith Weiner is the founder of the Gold Standard Institute USA in Phoenix, Arizona, and CEO of precious metals investment company Monetary Metals. He also created DiamondWare, a technology company that he sold to Nortel Networks in 2008.